Top 5 Software Development Methodologies: All You Should Know In 2022

By | June 1, 2022

There is no secret to success for all projects, but you can increase the chances of success with the right management and development method. A good project manager or development team must choose a methodology for developing the future project. This task should be based on the project’s subject and characteristics, the team’s size, and many other factors. 

Each of the methodologies has its pros and cons. There is no universal methodology that can be suitable to any project. The dedicated team of developers uses the project development methodology to plan and control the tasks within the (*5*)development stages. 

This article will describe 5 software development methodologies that will help you create your IT project in 2022.

Table of Contents

1. Agile Methodology

The Agile development methodology is the most popular way to organize the development team’s work. You can immediately guess this methodology takes frequent changes. This period is called iteration and usually lasts from a week to a month. The team uses Agile project development to reduce risk by using short iterations to complete tasks. 

Iterations qualitatively increase efficiency and provide an opportunity to find and correct issues. This approach allows you to realize the project’s benefits in a short period, with frequent improvements.

Development teams use this methodology to reduce the number of bugs when adding new features to the product. Thus, thanks to mini-increments of new functionality, the previous version of the project can be preserved. Let’s elaborate on the advantages and disadvantages of the Agile methodology. 

Agile Pros

  • This methodology prioritizes team interaction over development tools. Stakeholders are constantly interacting.
  • Agile can respond to new customer requirements.
  • Direct communication between the customer and the development team helps clarify all the problematic areas in product development. 

Agile Cons

  • In the case of some software deliverables, it is difficult to evaluate the effort to start the software development life cycle.
  • Agile focuses on a functioning product, not documentation.
  • A project can easily go off track if the customer is unsure of what the result is expected to be.

2. Scrum Development Methodology

(*5*)Scrum, like many software development methodologies, is agile and value-driven. This methodology is based on empiricism – knowledge is extracted from the team’s practical experience and observable facts.

The development periods within Scrum are called sprints. Normally, sprints last from two to four weeks. The goal of each sprint is to create a progressive version of the product to present to the stakeholders. It will allow for integrating the feedback immediately into the next sprint.

The product owner determines the specific goals of each sprint and the order, priorities of the backlog elements, called artifacts. The development team adjusts the sprint and repeats it based on successes, mistakes, and stakeholder feedback.

Scrum Pros

  • Short sprints allow you to correct mistakes quickly and implement improvements.
  • Scrum is responsive because it includes regular feedback.
  • Regular meetings keep the team up-to-date on the current state of the project.

Scrum Cons

  • Daily team meetings can be tedious.
  • May increase project release time if there is no tight control.
  • Not suitable for projects with a large team.

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3. Rapid Application Development (RAD)

The rapid application development model aims to get fast results. A key feature of RAD methodology is to maximize the benefits of the software for further development. This approach is designed to increase the efficiency of the entire product to highlight the participation of the active user.

Finding a development team for a project using RAD methodology can be very difficult. It is because many factors need to be taken into account simultaneously. 

RAD Pros

  • Simplifies the project development process considerably.
  • Helps the customer implement changes faster.
  • Uses customer feedback to improve development processes.

RAD Cons

  • Working on a modular system is limited to RAD methodology.
  • Requires a very experienced development team to solve complex problems.
  • Not appropriate for projects with small funding. 

4. Spiral Model

The Spiral Model is a sophisticated implementation approach designed to reduce the primary risks in product development. The development team starts at a low level and explores the risks included. Also, programmers must create a plan for repeating the spiral. 

Each turn of the spiral is a new stage in the development process. The exact number of phases for product development can vary depending on the risks. Using this methodology, the project manager determines the number of phases and plays an important role in product development. 

Spiral Pros

  • The model significantly reduces the number of errors. 
  • Suitable for large and complex projects with a large team.
  • Allow functions to be added over time.

Spiral Cons

  • An expensive model for software development.
  • Failure during risk analysis can harm development.
  • Not appropriate for projects with low-risk probability.

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5. Waterfall Development Methodology

A Waterfall is a traditional approach to project development that turns the development process into a linear flow with a set sequence. It allows you to make the next level progressive upon completion of the previous one. In addition, the methodology implies that it is simply impossible to go back and correct mistakes.

The sequencing and implementation of tasks and meeting deadlines in this methodology are best depicted by a Gantt Chart consisting of blocks. The chart shows which tasks are included in creating the product and which stakeholders are responsible for them, and how long each of the stages lasts.

Waterfall Pros

  • Easy to implement development process. 
  • Saves a lot of time during software development.
  • Makes it easy to test and analyze different stages of the project.

Waterfall Cons

  • Delays the testing phase to the final stages of the project. 
  • No way to know the final result of the project.
  • Not suitable for long-term projects.

Conclusion

These classic product development techniques
improve the project creation process at each development stage. A step-by-step breakdown of the project is necessary for more effective project management. And while the methodologies aren’t focused on the technical side of development, they are about effective planning.

In 2022, traditional software development models will become more flexible and perhaps transform a bit. Introduce yourself to the pros and cons of each methodology to choose the best option for your project. You may have noticed that the methodologies overlap and are similar in some things. Developers cannot use even the popular Agile approach universally because of the unreadiness of some stakeholders or the impossibility of flexible financing.

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