What is a business scrum

By | May 18, 2022

What is a business scrum

The philosopher Heraclitus observed, “Everything changes and nothing stands still.” Although not directed at business leaders, this phrase nevertheless rings true. British business leaders are faced with numerous changes that threaten revenues in 2019:

  1. Technological change.
  2. Fierce competition and market disruptors.
  3. Economic uncertainty (perhaps due to Brexit negotiations and other geopolitical developments).

How can we tackle these challenges? Traditional business practices such as restructuring, adjusting personnel, and change management have their place, but are not enough. There is a “third way” executives can adopt: Agile.

What is Agile?

Agile is a mindset that enables businesses to succeed in uncertain environments. When coined as a term in 2001, Agile described a common set of principles shared by several approaches to software development. Today, an Agile way of working delivers higher quality products in a shorter time, no matter what is being created.

Increasingly, executives across the UK are seeking Agile coaching and training to create an Agile culture throughout the organisation, from HR to the C-suite. The Agile approach they turn to most often is Scrum.

What is Scrum?

Scrum is an Agile approach that relies on teams to deliver products in short cycles, enabling fast feedback, continual improvement, and rapid adaptation to change.

Imagine a business needs to build a new product for their customers. It could be anything from a new financial platform to an advertising video or even a car engine. Traditionally, the company might create the product using a ‘conveyor belt’ methodology: The product starts in one department, then is passed to another department where they work on their piece, then pass it on again until it ends up at its final delivery point. Often by the time it arrives, it no longer matches the needs of an ever-changing market.

Now, imagine a Scrum team. A Scrum team breaks the new product into small batches of functionality that can be completed in short timeframes. Each batch is created by a cross-functional team who have the skills necessary to bring the product from idea to delivery, without transferring it down a conveyor belt of handoffs. As each batch is completed, the customers and stakeholders give feedback that informs the next batch of functionality. This cycle repeats until the full product is delivered — a product that meets customer needs because the business had the opportunity to adjust the fit at the end of each time frame.

Can Scrum help my business?

Research by Forbes Insights in collaboration with Scrum Alliance shows that of businesses who adopted Scrum, six out of ten have experienced a faster time to market and faster innovation. It is no surprise, then, that this same study found that two-thirds of executives now see Agility as an essential part of their company’s DNA. Scrum and Agile help businesses be more productive, drive higher customer satisfaction, and lead to increased team morale.

Everything changes. As a leader it is down to you to ensure that you are fully engaged with the transformation, so your business is not left behind.

This post is sponosred by Scrum Alliance. | Content written and provided by Scrum Alliance.

A Better Way Of Building Products

What is a business scrumScrum is a framework within which people can address complex adaptive problems, while productively and creatively delivering products of the highest possible value.

Scrum is a lightweight framework that helps people, teams and organizations generate value through adaptive solutions for complex problems. Scrum co-creators Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland have written The Scrum Guide to explain Scrum clearly and succinctly. This Guide contains the definition of Scrum. This definition consists of Scrum’s accountabilities, events, artifacts, and the rules that bind them together.

In a nutshell, Scrum requires a Scrum Master to foster an environment where:

  1. A Product Owner orders the work for a complex problem into a Product Backlog.
  2. The Scrum Team turns a selection of the work into an Increment of value during a Sprint.
  3. The Scrum Team and its stakeholders inspect the results and adjust for the next Sprint.
  4. Repeat

Scrum Glossary

The Scrum Glossary is meant to represent an overview of Scrum-related terms. Some of the mentioned terms are not mandatory in Scrum, but have been added because they are commonly used in Scrum.

To learn more about the Scrum framework, to identify which of these terms are required elements of Scrum and to understand how the mentioned elements are connected, we highly recommend that you reference The Scrum Guide. To learn more about terms specific to software development teams using Scrum and agile software development techniques, reference the Professional Scrum Developer glossary.

The Scrum Framework

Scrum is simple. It is the opposite of a big collection of interwoven mandatory components. Scrum is not a methodology. Scrum implements the scientific method of empiricism. Scrum replaces a programmed algorithmic approach with a heuristic one, with respect for people and self-organization to deal with unpredictability and solving complex problems. The below graphic represents Scrum in Action as described by Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland in their book Software in 30 Days taking us from planning through software delivery.

What is a business scrum

An Introduction to the Scrum Framework

This short video provides a simple overview of Scrum, allowing viewers to learn about the roles, artifacts and events and how they come together to deliver a product to market.

Learn about the latest version of the Scrum Guide release in November 2020

This series of articles and videos discuss the Scrum Guide, changes made since the previous release and provides great insight into Scrum as a whole.

The Scrum Values

What is a business scrumAlthough always considered to be a part of Scrum and often written about, in July 2016, the Scrum Values were added to The Scrum Guide. These values include Courage, Focus, Commitment, Respect, and Openness. Read the Scrum Guide to learn more about these values, how they apply to Scrum and download this poster.

The Scrum Team

The fundamental unit of Scrum is a small team of people, a Scrum Team. The Scrum Team consists of one Scrum Master, one Product Owner, and Developers. Within a Scrum Team, there are no sub-teams or hierarchies. It is a cohesive unit of profess
ionals focused on one objective at a time, the Product Goal.

Where Does Your Current Role Fit?

Watch this webinar on The Truth About Job Titles in Scrum to learn more about how roles have evolved and where you may fit.

Scrum defines three accountabilities, the Product Owner, Scrum Master and Developer. But what happens if you have a different job title? It doesn’t mean that you are out of luck or out of a job, in most cases it means the exact opposite with your job expanding to deliver more value in the Scrum Team. So, where do you fit in Scrum?

In this webinar, Dave West, CEO and Product Owner of Scrum.org talks about the roles of Scrum and how the three roles relate to your existing job titles. He describes the future of work in the context of an agile delivery model and what the implications are to job descriptions and career progression.

The Scrum Events

Prescribed events are used in Scrum to create regularity and to minimize the need for meetings not defined in Scrum. All events are time-boxed. Once a Sprint begins, its duration is fixed and cannot be shortened or lengthened. The remaining events may end whenever the purpose of the event is achieved, ensuring an appropriate amount of time is spent without allowing waste in the process. The Scrum Events are:

Scrum Artifacts

Scrum’s artifacts represent work or value to provide transparency and opportunities for inspection and adaptation. Artifacts defined by Scrum are specifically designed to maximize transparency of key information so that everybody has the same understanding of the artifact. The Scrum Artifacts are:

Professional Scrum

The Scrum framework is fairly simple being made up of a team with three accountabilities, who take part in five events and produce three artifacts. With Scrum, important decisions are based on the perceived state of the three artifacts making their transparency critical. Artifacts that have low transparency can lead to decisions that diminish value and increase risk. Transparency enables inspection and leads to greater trust among the team and others within the organization. Learn more about Professional Scrum.

Learn from the Community

There are over 100 books about Scrum on the market today, tens of thousands of papers, articles and presentations, but it all starts with The Scrum Guide. The Scrum Guide was written and is maintained by the creators of Scrum, Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland and is considered as the Body of Knowledge for Scrum.

With over 500,000 members of our Scrum community, you can ask a question to the Forum and expect responses that will immediately help you. Our community of Professional Scrum Trainers (PSTs) are experts in their field and are always writing Blogs which provide insights from their experiences working directly on Scrum Teams. Articles, white papers, videos, webinars and other materials are often published by the community and available in the Resources section of the website and read other ways to learn about Scrum.

Scrum is an agile way to manage a project, usually software development. Agile software development with Scrum is often perceived as a methodology; but rather than viewing Scrum as methodology, think of it as a framework for managing a process.

What is Scrum?

In the agile Scrum world, instead of providing complete, detailed descriptions of how everything is to be done on a project, much of it is left up to the Scrum software development team. This is because the team will know best how to solve the problem they are presented.

This is why in Scrum development, for example, a sprint planning meeting is described in terms of the desired outcome (a commitment to a set of features to be developed in the next sprint) instead of a set of Entry criteria, Task definitions, Validation criteria, Exit criteria (ETVX) and so on, as would be provided in most methodologies.

What is a business scrumScrum relies on a self-organizing, cross-functional team. The scrum team is self-organizing in that there is no overall team leader who decides which person will do which task or how a problem will be solved. Those are issues that are decided by the team as a whole.

And in Scrum, a team is cross functional, meaning everyone is needed to take a feature from idea to implementation.

Within agile development, Scrum teams are supported by two specific roles. The first is a ScrumMaster, who can be thought of as a coach for the team, helping team members use the Scrum process to perform at the highest level.

The product owner (PO) is the other role, and in Scrum software development, represents the business, customers or users, and guides the team toward building the right product.

Scrum Development: What’s Involved?

The Scrum model suggests that projects progress via a series of sprints. In keeping with an agile methodology, sprints are timeboxed to no more than a month long, most commonly two weeks.

Scrum methodology advocates for a planning meeting at the start of the sprint, where team members figure out how many items they can commit to, and then create a sprint backlog – a list of the tasks to perform during the sprint.

What is a business scrumDuring an agile Scrum sprint, the Scrum team takes a small set of features from idea to coded and tested functionality. At the end, these features are done, meaning coded, tested and integrated into the evolving product or system.

On each day of the sprint, all team members should attend a daily Scrum meeting, including the ScrumMaster and the product owner. This meeting is timeboxed to no more than 15 minutes. During that time, team members share what they worked on the prior day, will work on that day, and identify any impediments to progress.

The Scrum model sees daily scrums as a way to synchronize the work of team members as they discuss the work of the sprint.

At the end of a sprint, the team conducts a sprint review during which the team demonstrates the new functionality to the PO or any other stakeholder who wishes to provide feedback that could influence the next sprint.

This feedback loop within Scrum software development may result in changes to the freshly delivered functionality, but it may just as likely result in revising or adding items to the product backlog.

Another activity in Scrum project management is the sprint retrospective at the end of each sprint. The whole team participates in this meeting, including the ScrumMaster and PO. The meeting is an opportunity to reflect on the sprint that has ended, and identify opportunities to improve.

Scrum Process: The Main Artifacts

The primary artifact in Scrum development is, of course, the product itself. The Scrum model expects the team to bring the product or system to a potentially shippable state at the end of each Scrum sprint.

The product backlog is another artifact of Scrum. This is the complete list of
the functionality that remains to be added to the product. The product owner prioritizes the backlog so the team always works on the most valuable features first.

What is a business scrumThe most popular and successful way to create a product backlog using Scrum methodology is to populate it with user stories, which are short descriptions of functionality described from the perspective of a user or customer.

In Scrum project management, on the first day of a sprint and during the planning meeting, team members create the sprint backlog. The sprint backlog can be thought of as the team’s to-do list for the sprint, whereas a product backlog is a list of features to be built (written in the form of user stories).

The sprint backlog is the list of tasks the team needs to perform in order to deliver the functionality it committed to deliver during the sprint.

Additional artifacts resulting from the Scrum agile methodology is the sprint burndown chart and release burndown chart. Burndown charts show the amount of work remaining either in a sprint or a release, and are an effective tool in Scrum software development to determine whether a sprint or release is on schedule to have all planned work finished by the desired date.

The Agile Scrum Project: Main Roles

Even if you are new to Scrum, you may have heard of a role called the ScrumMaster. The ScrumMaster is the team’s coach, and helps Scrum practitioners achieve their highest level of performance.

In the Scrum process, a ScrumMaster differs from a traditional project manager in many ways, including that this role does not provide day-to-day direction to the team and does not assign tasks to individuals.

A good ScrumMaster shelters the team from outside distractions, allowing team members to focus maniacally during the sprint on the goal they have selected.

While the ScrumMaster focuses on helping the team be the best that it can be, the product owner works to direct the team to the right goal. The product owner does this by creating a compelling vision of the product, and then conveying that vision to the team through the product backlog.

The product owner is responsible for prioritizing the backlog during Scrum development, to ensure it’s up to par as more is learned about the system being built, its users, the team and so on.

The third and final role in Scrum project management is the Scrum team itself. Although individuals may join the team with various job titles, in Scrum, those titles are insignificant. Scrum methodology states that each person contributes in whatever way they can to complete the work of each sprint.

This does not mean that a tester will be expected to re-architect the system; individuals will spend most (and sometimes all) of their time working in whatever discipline they worked before adopting the agile Scrum model. But with Scrum, individuals are expected to work beyond their preferred disciplines whenever doing so would be for the good of the team.

One way to think of the interlocking nature of these three roles in this agile methodology is as a racecar.

The Scrum team is the car itself, ready to speed along in whatever direction it is pointed. The product owner is the driver, making sure that the car is always going in the right direction. And the ScrumMaster is the chief mechanic, keeping the car well tuned and performing at its best.

What is a business scrum? What is Scrum? Scrum is an Agile approach that relies on teams to deliver products in short cycles, enabling fast feedback, continual improvement, and rapid adaptation to change. Imagine a business needs to build a new product for their customers.

What is Scrum methodology? Scrum is an agile development methodology used in the development of Software based on an iterative and incremental processes. Scrum is adaptable, fast, flexible and effective agile framework that is designed to deliver value to the customer throughout the development of the project.

Which is an example of a scrum? Scrum by Example is written as an episodic story, with a small cast of characters and a simple fictional product. While he has 10 years of experience in software, he has no practical Scrum experience, as this is his company’s first foray into Agile. Paula – The Product Owner for the World’s Smallest Online Bookstore.

What is the difference between Scrum and agile? The Difference Between Agile and Scrum

The key difference between Agile and Scrum is that while Agile is a project management philosophy that utilizes a core set of values or principles, Scrum is a specific Agile methodology that is used to facilitate a project.

What is a business scrum? – Related Questions

Where is scrum used?

Scrum is a lightweight agile process framework used primarily for managing software development. Scrum is often contrasted with the so-called “Waterfall” approach, which emphasizes up-front planning and scheduling of activities, followed by execution.

Why scrum is called scrum?

Scrum is a framework for Agile software development. The term ‘Scrum’ was first used by Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka in their ground-breaking 1986 paper “The New New Product Development Game“. They borrowed the name from the game of rugby to stress the importance of teams in complex product development.

What are the 5 values of scrum?

The Five Scrum Values. The Scrum Guide lists five values that all Scrum teams share: commitment, courage, focus, openness, and respect.

Is scrum a methodology?

Scrum is an agile way to manage a project, usually software development. Agile software development with Scrum is often perceived as a methodology; but rather than viewing Scrum as methodology, think of it as a framework for managing a process.

What are the 3 pillars of scrum?

Scrum employs an iterative, incremental approach to optimize predictability and control risk. Three pillars uphold every implementation of empirical process control: transparency, inspection, and adaptation.

Is Kanban Agile or waterfall?

Every Waterfall project has 5 or 7 sequential stages.

Sometimes sequential structure of Waterfall projects leads to problems and Waterfall teams have to run them from the very beginning. Kanban is a popular Agile software development methodology.

Is Kanban Lean or Agile?

Both frameworks follow Agile and Lean principles. Scrum is a specific implementation of Agile. Kanban is a specific implementation of Lean.

Why is scrum better than waterfall?

Waterfall works best for projects completed in a linear fashion and does not allow going back to a prior phase. Agile methods break projects into smaller, iterative periods. Kanban is primarily concerned with process improvements. Scrum is concerned with getting more work done faster.

Who named scrum?

Why is it called Scrum? When Jeff Sutherland co-created the Scrum process in 1993, he borrowed the term “scrum” from an
analogy put forth in a 1986 paper by Takeuchi and Nonaka, published in the Harvard Business Review.

What sport has a scrum?

The scrum is what rugby is most famous for. A scrum is usually called after a minor infringement and the game needs to be restarted. This is where the forwards of both teams interlock, a ball is fed into the scrum, and it has to be kicked back while both teams drive against each other.

What is scrum in HR?

Scrum in HR: People Practices that Engage, Equip & Empower

From employee engagement to policies and practices to recruiting and retention, Scrum helps HR teams create people practices that enhance the work of the organization while limiting risk.

What are the 4 scrum values?

2016, the Scrum Values were added to The Scrum Guide. These values include Courage, Focus, Commitment, Respect, and Openness.

Is waterfall a framework or methodology?

The Waterfall “V” Model – is a framework for software development – it is not a PM framework. This category is perhaps the most difficult to define, as it contains a wide variety of examples.

What is sprint Backlog?

The sprint backlog is a list of tasks identified by the Scrum team to be completed during the Scrum sprint. During the sprint planning meeting, the team selects some number of product backlog items, usually in the form of user stories, and identifies the tasks necessary to complete each user story.

How many phases are there in Scrum?

6. How many phases are there in Scrum ? Explanation: There are three phases in Scrum.The initial phase is an outline planning phase followed by a series of sprint cycles and project closure phase. 7.

What are four key practices of Scrum?

Overview / Framework / Team / Events / Artifacts

Scrum defines four events (sometimes called ceremonies) that occur inside each sprint: sprint planning, daily scrum, sprint review, and sprint retrospective.

Is Scrum easy to learn?

As the Scrum guide states, scrum is lightweight, simple to understand, and difficult to master. Compared to project management methods like Prince II or development methods like XP or RUP (although these frameworks and methods may not be directly comparable), the Scrum framework is concise and straightforward.

What are the 4 pillars of Scrum?

Scrum combines four formal events for inspection and adaptation within a containing event, the Sprint. These events work because they implement the empirical Scrum pillars of transparency, inspection, and adaptation.

Is it worth getting Scrum certified?

A Scrum master certification is important for anyone who plans to work in that role, no matter the industry. “I can’t imagine a serious company putting someone in a Scrum master position without their certificate,” Korson says. A certification often becomes a baseline for employers, like a bachelor’s degree.

Why is Scrum so popular?

In conclusion, Scrum is the most popular Agile project management framework because of its simplicity and high performance. It takes advantage of a need for a sense of achievement, positive feedback, and ownership of work done within a teamwork environment.

Is Waterfall better than agile?

Waterfall suits projects with well-defined requirements where no changes are expected. Agile looks best where there is a higher chance of frequent requirement changes. Waterfall is easy to manage and a sequential approach. Its iterative opponent is very flexible and allows to make changes in any phase.

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